- 1 How To Start Poultry Farming?
- 2 What is a layer farm?
- 3 What is Broiler Production/Farming?
- 4 Poultry Housing
- 5 Poultry Birds Feeding
- 6 Poultry Farming Care And Management
Let’s Understand and talk about poultry farming. Are you interested or looking for poultry farming business plans or chicken poultry farming, poultry farm business investment profit and margin than this is the right article you must read once.
Here In this article, I will explain all the required information which you want to know OR you might have the questions in your mind like how much investment is required to set up poultry farm? Then have a look at given below information:
- Poultry farming for beginners
- Modern poultry farming equipment
- Poultry farming business plans
- Poultry farming income
- Poultry farm setup cost
- Poultry farming in USA
- Chicken poultry farming
- Contract poultry farming
- Poultry farming facts
- How to open a poultry farm in India
Still there are lots of doubt and question in your mind before starting any business and here especially you are thinking like; is poultry farming profitable business in india? and many more so just read here to know more: Starting a Poultry Farming Business for Beginners.
How To Start Poultry Farming?
Poultry farming is a method or business of rearing few birds like chicken, ducks, turkeys and geese. But most probably chickens are produced in a large amount in poultry farming. Annually more than 50 billion chickens are produced in Poultry Faring.
Poultry Farming is an easy way of earning because you don’t need the high amount of investment in it. Even you can nurture them in a small area and there is no requirement of big or large space. Well, now in Poultry Farming there are two different methods.
Well, now in Poultry Farming there are two different methods in which the egg is produced that is called as LAYER FARMING and the chicken produced for meat is referred as BROILERS.
What is a layer farm?
Layer farming is the method where the eggs are raised commercially. From the day 1 of the hen, they are nurtured for eggs productions. When the hens are of 18 to 19 weeks old they start laying eggs.
Up to the weeks of 72 or more about 78, the hen lays eggs continuously. But for that, they need to consume around about 2 to 2.25 kg of food daily. There is a various hen that lays eggs having white and brown colour.
When you have made a plan to initiate poultry farming, you have to provide all the feeding material and fresh clean drinking water to the birds. Even you have to take care and maintain their health ensuring there is no infectious bacterias affect. You need to add antibiotics so that no infections harm the birds.
Advantages Of Poultry Farming
- There is no need of investing more money as compared to other farming businesses. Because all the breeds are not much costly in poultry farming.
- A small allotment or backyard space is enough for growing birds. But if the farming is commercial based then you need chamber or cages for their production.
- For-profit-making poultry farming, you will get the high amount in return within a short time period. This short time profit is probably possible by broiler chickens.
- Maintenance is negligible but you should maintain hygiene. You have to take care of the birds by getting any kind of infections or diseases. The chances are less in birds like turkeys and quails.
- If suppose you find any need for the license than it is easy for poultry farming. Generally, there is no need of a license because these birds are domestic.
- The demand of poultry product is in high demand all over the world. So marketing of these products is very easy and you can gain benefit on a large amount.
- For the uneducated and unemployed people, poultry farming is the best way to earn money by selling them in the market or raising commercially.
- You will gain many other advantages. Once you start up the business or farming, you will get to learn everything.
Various Methods /Techniques Of Poultry Farming
- Free Range Farming
- Organic Farming
- Yarding Method
- Battery Cage Method
- Furnished Cage Method
⇒ Free Range Farming
The name itself says free-range farming is the technique where the birds are allowed to roam in the open space at a certain period of time. While at the night time they are kept in their cages to save from prey animals and weather conditions.
The area or land for free-range farming must be well drained and fenced, so the predators don’t harm birds. It must be well ventilated along with the protection from cold and heat atmosphere.
There may be a lack of nutrition found in free-range farming, because the birds may not fulfil food from the area they reside in the open area, so the land must be in such condition from which the birds can acquire all needs.
These farming birds need less feed than the cage or barn farming poultry. The manures that are gathered from poultry farming is used as fertilizers for crop farming.
The Free Range Farming is bit risky, because the predators may harm the birds. Even the birds are at risk of getting infected by diseases. So you have to take care and maintain it by providing antibiotics.
⇒ Organic Farming:
Organic farming is a bit similar to free range farming. The only difference in between them is the number of birds raised altogether. In free range farming, a large number and varieties are nurtured while in organic farming specific density of birds is raised.
The organic farming method has few restrictions over yolk colourants, medication, feed, water. The farmer must have to keep 1000 birds in one hector area and about 2000 birds in one house.
⇒ Yarding Method
This method is beneficial to small farmers that have a small area for farming. In the yarding technique, the cows and chickens are allowed to grow together.
A fence is prepared up to some area of land, cattle and poultry birds have to live in the same space provided. They can roam in anywhere in the land that is fenced.
⇒ Battery Cage Method
The cage method is preferred in many of the countries in which small cages are arranged one above the other in rows. The cages are made of solid metal and placed such a way in a slope so that the faeces are rolled down out of the cage.
In a single cage, 8 to 10 chickens can be accommodated and their eggs are laid altogether they are collected on the conveyor belt. The battery cage method holds the system of feeding birds by pipe method and water by overhead nipple system.
This method has the benefit of raising thousand of chickens or other birds altogether. The battery cage method is advantageous because the eggs can be collected easily, labour work is reduced, the disease or infections lower downs, and even the amount of feeding material is less compared to other methods.
As this method have advantages, there are even disadvantages of it. When the birds are stored in a cage, they are unable to move their body and shake or waggle thus they get irritated and frustrated. This affects their production and some countries are banned by this system.
⇒ Furnished Cage Method:
Furnished Cage Method is quite similar to battery cage method, but in this technique, the birds get more space than battery cage. This method is much better than battery cage method and developed one.
The birds get enough space to move, perch, waggle, flap their wings, feed and water pot etc. So the growth of birds is not inhibited at all.
What is Broiler Production/Farming?
The farming of poultry birds for a production of meat is referred as Broiler Poultry Farming. When the chickens are about 5 to 8 weeks old, they are ready for consumption. Here are the different methods of raising broiler poultry farming.
- Indoor Broilers
- Free Range Broilers
- Organic Broilers
↬ Indoor Broilers
In indoor broilers, the broilers are accommodated in the house where the floor is covered with the debris like rice hulls, wood shavings or peanut shells etc. The broilers are free to roam in the house and they are ready to consume within 5 to 7 weeks of age.
The poultry birds in Indoor broilers are provided water and feed very easily by well-developed equipment arranged inside the house. The facility of ventilation, heaters, and coolers are arranged in indoor broilers technique.
Keep the area clean and hygienic, so the broilers are not infected by any diseases. You can accommodate about 20,000 broilers in 400×40 feet long and wide.
↬ Free Range Broilers
Free-range broilers method is similar technique like free-range layers. The broilers that are still not fully matured to consume and reaching the slaughterhouse is raised through this system.
The major benefit of free-range broiler system is the broilers get to scratch, peck, forage and do outdoor exercises too.
↬ Organic Broilers
Organic Broilers is similar to free range farming technique. The difference between them is the broilers are not allowed to intake feed or water with medications or other additional, synthetic amino acids in a random manner. There is strict feed and water consumption by broilers are provided.
The organic broilers method is beneficial for the slowly growing breeds which require about 12 weeks to reach slaughterhouse.
Poultry housing in an area where the poultry birds can live and raise happily. The floor and house must be kept clean and developed in a good location, ensuring the facility of feed and water.
Various breeds and poultry birds require different facility and place for raising. The birds are kept in open area or cages, in houses with all premises. All it depends on you, the business that you are initiating in a specified area.
If space or area is limited, you should not overcrowd the birds. Because all they need is space for growing happily. The ventilation system must be ensured so that the birds will not be suffocated.
Some other aspects you need to keep in mind while raising poultry birds in poultry housing is:
- Light and fresh air ventilation are must for the poultry housing.
- The space among all the poultry housing must be specific if you have the commercial business.
- Cleanliness must be maintained and equipment must be sterilized at a regular basis and before bringing new chickens.
- Care must be taken of the birds from predators that harm poultry birds.
- The temperature should be maintained by setting heater or cooler in the poultry housing.
- Drainage facility must be developed to clean the house easily.
- The poultry farming business should not be on rent. If it is your land then it is more suitable. Because if you have landed on rent, the owner can ask you to leave anytime.
Poultry farming System
Commercially poultry farming is raised mainly in three ways:
These methods are majorly suitable for some specific countries like India.
- Intensive system
- Semi-intensive System
- Extensive System
Breeds selection for Poultry farming
- Broilers: On Commercial base for the production of meat.
- Cockerels: Used in commercial business for production of meat.
- Layers: For the production of eggs.
Poultry Birds Feeding
You have to look up for the feeding material is nutritious than only the birds will grow in the required healthy conditions. All the minerals and vitamins must be provided to the poultry birds for developing.
There are ready-made feeds available in markets for the poultry farmers that have started on the commercial base. This feeds contains all the nutritious elements required for the birds. Water is also as important as feed. Provide clean water as required to birds.
Poultry Farming Care And Management
Poultry birds are moreover affected by many diseases though after many cares. Due to diseases, there may be a loss to the farmers. Because if one bird is infected, the others are surely gonna affected by diseases.
Here I have mentioned the diseases that are majorly found in poultry birds:
Infectious Diseases/ Contagious:
The diseases that are affected to healthy birds from the diseased birds is called infectious or contagious disease. These diseases are of three types:
- Bacterial disease
The birds that are affected by the bacterial diseases like ERICHIA COLI INFECTIONS, SALMONELLOSES, PARATYPHOID INFECTIONS, FOWL CHOLERA, RIEMERELLA ANATIPESTIFER INFECTIONS, MYCOPLASMA, NECROTIC ENTERITIS, CHOLANGIOHEPATITIS IN BROILER CHICKENS, GANGRENOUS DERMATITIS, BOTULISM, AVIAN TUBERCULOSIS comes under bacterial diseases.
2. Viral Diseases
The poultry birds that are affected by diseases that are mentioned below is a viral disease found in poultry birds.
- VIRAL INCLUSION BODY HEPATITIS
- HAEMORRHAGIC ENTERITIS OF TURKEYS
- EGG DROP SYNDROME -1976
- ADENOVIRUS GROUP I – ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS
- INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE (GUMBORO)
- INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS (IB)
- SWOLLEN HEAD SYNDROME
- INFECTIOUS ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
- NEWCASTLE DISEASE
- FOWL POX
- REOVIRUS INFECTIONS
3. Fungal Diseases
The fungal diseases are as follows:
- ASPERGILLUS GRANULOMATOUS DERMATITIS
The small creatures or other animals that reside on the body of others is called parasite organism. These parasites spread some diseases by living in the body of birds or other animals. Thus this disease is called parasitic diseases.
The disease spread in poultry birds by parasites are:
When the birds do not get enough nutrition from the food that is provided, they suffer from the deficiency of minerals and vitamins. Thus it is called vitamin deficiency disease and mineral deficiency diseases.
- VITAMIN B2 DEFICIENCY
- FATTY LIVER HAEMORRHAGIC SYNDROME
- VITAMIN Bi DEFICIENCY
- SLIPPED TENDON (PEROSIS)
- VITAMIN E DEFICIENCY
Many other diseases are found in poultry birds. They are:
- PULMONARY HYPERTENSION (ASCITIS) SYNDROME IN BROILER CHICKENS
- RUPTURE OF THE GASTROCNEMIUS TENDON IN BROILER BREEDERS
- CAGE LAYER FATIGUE
- HYPERANDROGENISM IN BROILER CHICKENS
- EFFECT OF STICKYWILLY (GALIUM APARINE) SEEDS ON HEALTHY STATUS AND PRODUCTION TRAITS IN BROILER CHICKENS
- HYPERANDROGENISM IN BROILER CHICKENS
- EFFECT OF STICKYWILLY (GALIUM APARINE) SEEDS ON HEALTHY STATUS AND PRODUCTION TRAITS IN BROILER CHICKENS
Vaccination of the poultry birds is must to prevent them from the disease. There are many benefits of vaccination of birds. Vaccination keeps the birds strong and helps to fight against diseases and even their resistance power increases.
The vaccines that are given to poultry birds are Marex, Ranikhet, Gamboro, Bruchaities, Bosonto, Salmonella etc. Much more are also available.
Poultry Products Marketing
Marketing of poultry products is very easy. Because the demand for poultry products is increasing day by day. So you can easily sell the stuff whether it is eggs or meat.
How profitable is egg farming?
The egg farming or layer farming is greatly beneficial. Once you invest the money, there are more chances to get the benefit as the poultry birds start laying eggs.
If you have made a plan for the commercial base, then here is one example for you for calculating the profit. The average of 180 eggs per year is calculated then sum up the figure with a number of hens. The figure that you acquired is divided by 12. So you will get your total estimated figure per year.
Final Words: I have tried to cover all the points that are required to the person who wants to raise poultry farming and earn money. I am eager to know if you are benefited with this farming methods or not.
Drop your comments in comment box. Wishing you good luck for initiating this business which is very beneficial nowadays for earning in a better way. If you have any query, you are free to ask. I will surely reply to your issues.