Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme also known as Universal Rural Employment Scheme. It was launched on 25th September 2001 and became fully active by 1st March 2004 by Government of India to provide employability to the rural poor people and find a way to resolve poverty and unemployment.
This program was implemented with the initial help of Panchayati Raj Institutions. To form Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar yojana scheme, the provisions of EAS- Employment Assurance Scheme were merged together, along with Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna.
This program has a target of providing work to the families and individuals living below the poverty line, also known as BPL.
Objectives of the Program:
The main objective was to provide additional employment to demolish the poverty and provide a sustainable living for poor families that have no fixed area of income and are living life in an extremely hard way.
The other objective was to food security. Food like grains was also made the main part of wage for the purpose of food security.
Implementation of the program:
With the mingling and support of Panchayati Raj Institutions at various District levels and block levels, along with the village level. Resources were shared at all three tiers of Panchayati Raj Institutions-
1.District level shared 20% of the resources from the total sum.
2.Intermediate level shared 30% of the resources from the total sum.
3.Grampanchayat shared 50% of the total sum, which is highest of other two levels.
The main point to remember is that all of the levels are an independent unit and perform on their own. They create their own target of people to provide sustainable life.
Allocation Criteria of the Program
There are two main criteria that program follows. One is Cash and the other is Food Grain. Sharing of cash between state and center with the ratio of 75:25 respectively. The state has 25% whereas the 75% goes to central government. But providing of food grain is free of cost to the state government.
Resources are provided and shared on the basis of poverty line because the main target of this scheme is families living below the poverty line and that no other can misuse the facilities provided to the poor.
Resources are provided and allocated on the basis of backwardness of people at the district level. 50% is given for the agriculture productivity whereas the other 50% is allotted to the SC/ST rural population for the betterment and uplifting.
In the district level, Resources allocated and distributes in Gram Panchayat is-
·60% given to SC/ST population
·And, 40% for the other people living in the gram.
Activities that are allowed
üDistrict and Block Level
Families and an individual can work related to soil and moisture conservation. One can also do work related to irrigation but at minor level. Augmentation of ground water is also allowed. Distillation of water tanks and ponds are also allowed to do.
üGram Panchayat Level
Every work that helps in the creation of durable community assets can be done. Infrastructure for the support of SGSY, along with building infrastructure that helps in the agriculture activities at the panchayat level.
Activities that are not allowed in the program
There are many activities that are not allowed in the program with certain guidelines and rules. Building monuments and construction work for religious places are not allowed at all to avoid any type of controversies.
Idols, statues, monuments, Arch gates or welcome gates are not at all a part of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme. Providing buildings for Higher Secondary Schools, blacktopping of the roads and building for colleges are also not allowed and should be taken into consideration and should be followed with strictness.
Strength of the Program
It is managed and implemented by the PRI totally. The works and activities are taken up basically on the felt needs and not just for the sake of and this way the resources are used in a better way and don’t get wasted.
Because of this, it creates immense potential for creating the durable assets in Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme.
It also provides so much employment as is a huge success in creating sustainable living.
Weakness of the Programme
Also with the strength, every program has its own defaults and more if it happening on such a big scale. One of the biggest problems is a misuse of the funds allotted because of the increasing rate of corruption which stops the growth of people.
The resources lay wasted and are used by the officials. Plus at times the employment is also Irregular and the data and books are not maintained which makes it a difficult task to provide statistics.
States most beneficiary:
Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are the most beneficiaries because these two states are poor and the education and employment rates are very low which makes them more needed.
Then come Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. These 3 states are also the beneficiary of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme, although the target of demolishing poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy is not done yet. Completely.
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme which was initiated by the Government of India on 25th September by merging various provisions of various schemes running on a small level to create a big project for providing employment to the families living below the poverty line.
It is also used by developing a sustainable life for poor individuals residing in rural and at times urban areas too. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Scheme also helps in developing the better infrastructure in rural areas for healthcare, education and etc. for a better community and with several problems, is moving forward to achieve its goal. It also helps in providing food security to the population of rural areas along with the wages.